Dog Vaccinations Questions That Every First Time Owner Asks

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Dogs need vaccination, so vaccinations for dogs are not optional at all. But that does not mean you cannot have any question regarding your dog’s vaccination. New pet owners need to ask these following five vaccination questions to their vets,

  1. What kind of diseases can my dog develop?
  2. Is only Rabies vaccine required by law?
  3. What about optional vaccines? Why my dog needs them?
  4. Is my dog healthy for a vaccination?
  5. Different vaccination for different breeds?

Reason for dog vaccination

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Law requires you to get rabies vaccination for your dog. But that’s not all, some vaccines are mandatory for your dog. These vaccinations will protect your dog from deadly diseases. Here are some others reasons to get your dog vaccinated,

  • Most pet diseases are rare and incurable, only early vaccination can save your dog.
  • Almost all the vaccine for dogs do not have a bad side effect
  • Dogs have weaker immune system, without vaccination dogs fell sick during winter months.
  • Only vaccination can protect dogs from deadly diseases like Leptospirosis.

Dog’s vaccination also depends on dog’s breeds. This is why you need to take your dog to a good vet first. You need to listen to your vet when it comes to vaccination for dogs.

Variety and schedule of dog vaccination

Component Class Efficacy Length of Immunity Risk/Severity of Adverse Effects Comments
Canine Distemper Core High > 1 year for modified live virus (MLV) vaccines Low
Measles Noncore High in preventing disease, but not in preventing infection Long Infrequent Use in high risk environments for canine distemper in puppies 4-10 weeks of age
Parvovirus Core High > 1 year Low
Hepatitis Core High >1 year Low Only use canine adenovirus-2 (CAV-2) vaccines
Rabies Core High Dependent upon type of vaccine Low to moderate
Respiratory disease from canine adenovirus-2 (CAV-2) Noncore Not adequately studied Short Minimal If vaccination warranted, boost annually or more frequently
Parainfluenza Noncore Intranasal MLV - Moderate Injectable MLV - Low Moderate Low Only recommended for dogs in kennels, shelters, shows, or large colonies; If vaccination warranted, boost annually or more frequently
Bordetella Noncore Intranasal MLV - Moderate Injectable MLV - Low Short Low For the most benefit, use intranasal vaccine 2 weeks prior to exposure
Leptospirosis Noncore Variable Short High Up to 30% of dogs may not respond to vaccine
Coronavirus Noncore Low Short Low Risk of exposure high in kennels, shelters, shows, breeding facilities
Lyme Noncore Appears to be limited to previously unexposed dogs; variable Revaccinate annually Moderate

Source: http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?c=2+2115&aid=950

How many vaccinations during dog life cycle?

This is the basic vaccinations you need for your dog,

Dog Vaccination Schedule
Age Vaccination
5 weeks Parvovirus: for puppies at high risk of exposure to parvo, some veterinarians recommend vaccinating at 5 weeks. Check with your veterinarian.
6 & 9 weeks

Combination vaccine* without leptospirosis.

Coronavirus: where coronavirus is a concern.

12 weeks or older Rabies: Given by your local veterinarian (age at vaccination may vary according to local law).
12 & 15 weeks**

Combination vaccine

Leptospirosis: include leptospirosis in the combination vaccine where leptospirosis is a concern, or if traveling to an area where it occurs. 

Coronavirus: where coronavirus is a concern.

Lyme: where Lyme disease is a concern or if traveling to an area where it occurs.

Adult (boosters)§

Combination vaccine

Leptospirosis: include leptospirosis in the combination vaccine where leptospirosis is a concern, or if traveling to an area where it occurs.

Coronavirus: where coronavirus is a concern. 

Lyme: where Lyme disease is a concern or if traveling to an area where it occurs. 

Rabies: Given by your local veterinarian (time interval between vaccinations may vary according to local law).

Source: http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?c=2+2115&aid=950

However, as I said this is basic vaccinations, your puppy/dog may need more vaccinations. Your vet will tell you more about his vaccinations.

Tips about dog vaccination

After vaccinating your dog you need to follow these following steps,

  1. Make sure your dog does not interact with dogs who are not vaccinated.
  2. Do not take your dog to a pet park right after vaccination.
  3. You also need to be careful, after coming back from outside, please wash your hands before touching your just vaccinated dog.

Remember, vaccinations are not enough to secure a safe future for your dog, but vaccinations definitely lower the chances of deadly diseases in dogs.

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